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Acoustics and Audio Technology, Third Edition

Acoustics and Audio Technology, Third Edition

A Title in J. Ross Publishing's Acoustics: Information and Communication Series
By Mendel Kleiner
Softcover, 7.5 x 9.25, 480 pages
ISBN: 978-1-60427-052-5
September 2011

Availability: In stock

Retail Price: $69.95
Direct Price: $59.95
This book is also available for rent

Read the Reviews

“At last, an easy-to-read volume that has a real bent towards sound reproduction pre¬sented at both the technical and practical levels. Plus, each chapter has problem sets… Overall, a highly recommended book, particularly given its attractive price.”

Neil Shade, President and Principal Consultant, Acoustical Design Collaborative, Ltd.,
Director of the Acoustics Program at the Peabody Institute of Johns Hopkins University,
From the NCAC Fall 2012 Newsletter

About the Item
Acoustics and Audio Technology, Third Edition, is an introductory text for students of sound and vibration as well as electrical and electronic engineering, civil and mechanical engineering, computer science, signals and systems, and engineering physics. A basic knowledge of basic engineering mathematics and physics is assumed. Problems are included at the end of the chapters and a solutions manual is available to instructors. This classroom-tested book covers the physical background to and mathematical treatment of sound propagation, the properties of human hearing, the generation and radiation of sound as well as noise control, and the technologies used for pickup, recording, and reproduction of sound in various environments, and much more.
Key Features
  • Presents a basic short course on acoustics, fundamental equations, and sound propagation
  • Discusses the principles of architectural acoustics, techniques for adjusting room acoustics, and various types of sound absorbers
  • Offers an overview of the acoustical, mechanical, and electrical properties of loudspeakers and microphones, which are important transducers
  • Provides an overview of the properties of hearing and voice
  • Includes end-of-chapter problems and solutions available to instructors as WAV material
  • About the Author(s)

    Mendel Kleiner obtained his Ph.D. in architectural acoustics in 1978 and is currently Professor of Acoustics at Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden, and in charge of the Chalmers Room Acoustics Group. Dr. Kleiner is responsible for teaching room acoustics, audio, electroacoustics, and ultrasonics in the Chalmers Master Program on Sound and Vibration. He has more than 50 publications, presented keynote lectures and more than 110 papers, has led courses at international conferences on acoustics and noise control, and organized an international conference on acoustics. His main research areas are computer simulation of room acoustics, electroacoustic reverberation enhancement systems, room acoustics of auditoria, sound and vibration measurement technology, product sound quality, and psychoacoustics. Dr. Kleiner is a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America, the Chair for the Audio Engineering Society’s Technical Committee on Acoustics and Sound Reinforcement and on its Standards committee on Acoustics.


    Table of Contents

    About the Author
    List of Symbols

    Chapter 1 Sound

    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 The Wave Equation
    1.3 Solutions to the Wave Equation
    1.4 Impedance
    1.5 Sound Intensity
    1.6 Sound Power
    1.7 Propagation Losses
    1.8 Reflection and Transmission at Boundaries
    1.9 Acoustical Components and Circuits
    1.10 Sound Propagation in Inhomogeneous Media
    1.11 Dipoles and Quadrupoles
    1.12 Problems
    Chapter 2 Acoustic Signals
    2.1 Spectra and Time History
    2.2 Signals and the Jù-Method
    2.3 Sine-Wave Signals
    2.4 Noise
    2.5 The Level Concept
    2.6 Filters and Frequency Bands
    2.7 Effective Value and Measurement Uncertainty
    2.8 Reference Levels
    2.9 Addition of Level Contributions
    2.10 The Weighted Sound Pressure Level
    2.11 Equivalent Level
    2.12 Problems
    Chapter 3 Hearing and Voice
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 The Components of the Ear
    3.3 The Dimensions of Hearing
    3.4 Effects of Excessive Sound Exposure
    3.5 Masking and Critical Bands
    3.6 Distortion, Linearity, and Harmonics
    3.7 Binaural Hearing
    3.8 Voice and Speech
    3.9 Problems
    Chapter 4 Basic Room Acoustics
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Geometrical Room Acoustics
    4.3 Statistical Room Acoustics
    4.4 Wave Theoretical Approach
    4.5 Problems
    Chapter 5 Spatial Sound Perception
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Subjective Impression of Sound Field Components
    5.3 Metrics for Room Acoustics
    5.4 Problems
    Chapter 6 Room Acoustics Planning and Design
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Basic Requirements for Good Room Acoustics
    6.3 Fundamentals of Room Acoustic Planning
    6.4 Tools for Prediction of Room Acoustic Response
    6.5 Electronic Architecture
    6.6 Auralization
    6.7 Problems
    Chapter 7 Absorbers, Reflectors, and Diffusers
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Absorption Coefficient
    7.3 Porous Absorbers
    7.4 Resonance Absorbers
    7.5 Variable Absorbers
    7.6 Audience Absorption
    7.7 Reflectors
    7.8 Barriers
    7.9 Diffusers
    7.10 Absorption Data Examples
    7.11 Problems
    Chapter 8 Waves in Solids and Plates
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Wave Types in Infinite Media
    8.3 Wave Types in Media of Limited Extension
    8.4 Structure Borne Sound in Lossy Sheets
    8.5 Damping by Viscoelastic Layers
    8.6 Damping by Sand and Other Lossy Materials
    8.7 Problems
    Chapter 9 Sound Radiation and Generation
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Common Metrics for Sound Radiation
    9.3 Sound Radiation by Vibrating Surfaces
    9.4 Sound Radiation by Vibrating Pistons and Membranes
    9.5 Sound Radiation by Vibrating Sheets Carrying Bending Waves
    9.6 Sound Generation by Flow
    9.7 Problems
    Chapter 10 Sound Isolation
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Insulation against Airborne Sound
    10.3 Sound Transmission Loss
    10.4 Sound Reduction Index
    10.5 Transmission Loss of Single-Panel Partitions
    10.6 Transmission Loss of Multiple-Panel Partitions
    10.7 Composite Transmission Loss
    10.8 Cracks and Other Leaks
    10.9 Flanking Transmission
    10.10 Balanced Spectrum Design
    10.11 Insulation against Impact Sound
    10.12 Insulation against Structure-Borne Sound
    10.13 Problems
    Chapter 11 Vibration Isolation
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Classical Vibration Isolation Theory
    11.3 Impedance and Mobility
    11.4 Some Metrics for Vibration Isolation 
    11.5 Linear Single-Degree-of-Freedom Systems
    11.6 Vibration Isolation Theory Using Electromechanical Analogies
    11.7 Real Systems
    11.8 Problems
    Chapter 12 Microphones
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Dynamic Range, Frequency Response, Noise, and Distortion
    12.3 Sensitivity
    12.4 Electroacoustical Conversion Principles
    12.5 Sound Field Sensing Principles
    12.6 Directivity
    12.7 Diaphragm Mechanical Properties
    12.8 Resistance Microphones
    12.9 Piezoelectric Microphones
    12.10 Capacitive Microphones
    12.11 Electrodynamic Microphones
    12.12 Super-Directional Microphones
    12.13 Wind Noise
    12.14 Problems
    Chapter 13 Phonograph Systems
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Disc Cutting
    13.3 The Playback System
    13.4 Cartridges
    13.5 Amplification
    Chapter 14 Loudspeakers
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Radiation and Directivity
    14.3 Efficiency
    14.4 Frequency Response
    14.5 Electrodynamic Drivers
    14.6 Loudspeaker Enclosures
    14.7 Horn Loudspeakers
    14.8 Multiple Direct Radiator Loudspeaker Systems
    14.9 Array Loudspeakers
    14.10 Room Effects
    14.11 Transient Response
    14.12 Nonlinear Distortion 
    14.13 Electronic Compensation of Non-Linearities
    14.14 Electrostatic Loudspeakers
    14.15 Problems
    Chapter 15 Headphones and Earphones
    15.1 Introduction
    15.2 Headphones/Earphones vs. Loudspeakers
    15.3 The Acoustic Environment
    15.4 Electromagnetic Headphones
    15.5 Electrodynamic Headphones
    15.6 Piezoelectric Headphones
    15.7 Electrostatic Headphones
    15.8 Noise-Canceling Headphones
    15.9 Problems
    Chapter 16 Digital Representation of Sound
    16.1 Introduction
    16.2 Sampling and Digitization
    16.3 Quantization
    16.4 Additional Problems in A/D and D/A Conversion
    16.5 Codecs, Uniform and Nonuniform Quantization
    16.6 Lossy Compression and Perceptual Coding
    Chapter 17 Audio Systems
    17.1 Introduction
    17.2 Audio Channels and Listening Modes
    17. 3 Monophonic and Monaural
    17.4 Stereophony and Phantom Sources
    17.5 Stereo Using Headphones
    17.6 Binaural Sound Reproduction
    17.7 Loudspeaker-Headphone Compatibility
    17.8 Multichannel Sound Reproduction
    17.9 Metrics for Audio Characteristics
    17.10 Physical Audio Metrics
    17.11 Noise Level and Signal-To-Noise Ratio
    17.12 Amplitude Frequency Response
    17.13 Phase Response and Group Delay
    17.14 Nonlinear Distortions
    17.15 Harmonic Distortion
    17.16 Difference Frequency and Intermodulation Distortion
    17.17 Multi-Tone Distortion Measurement
    17.18 FM Distortion
    17.19 Measurements Using Special Chambers
    17.20 Impulse Response Analysis
    17.21 Frequency Response, Spectrogram, and Wavelet Analysis
    17.22 Directivity
    17.23 Sensitivity
    17.24 Compression
    17.25 Impedance
    17.26 Audio Sound Character and Quality
    17.27 Listening Tests
    17.28 Common Listening Test Types
    17.29 Some Common Listening Tests
    17.30 Selecting and Training of Listeners
    17.31 Expert Panels
    17.32 Planning and Preparation of a Listening Test
    17.33 The Test Session
    17.34 Information to Be Reported
    17.35 Problems

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